In this article we will briefly discuss the equipment used for simultaneous interpretation. Simultaneous interpretation or translation requires electronic equipment in most cases, although there are exceptions such as whispering. We classify the equipment into 2 categories: the complete conference interpreting equipment and the wireless simultaneous interpretation equipment for field visits or churches(i.e., the tour guide system) that can be used in small meetings.
Complete set of equipment for large conferences
Simpler equipment for small group event
1) Simultaneous interpretation equipment for conferences (complete equipment):
This system is used for conferences with many people where it is necessary to keep the speech fluid and avoid any problems or interruptions. The system consists of:
These are used to pass sound to the audience through speakers, but above all to capture the voice of the speakers so that the Chinese interpreters can hear it perfectly and with minimum effort. With this method, everyone who participates must speak into a microphone so that the Chinese interpreters can hear and translate.
b) Interpretation booth:
The booth is where the Chinese interpreters receive the sound of the microphones and from where they transmit their interpretation (or translation if you prefer) to the audience, via radio waves or another method. In addition, the booth isolates the Chinese interpreters from the sound of the room and prevents them from disturbing the audience when interpreting.
(c) Simultaneous interpretation receivers:
These devices, sometimes misnamed “translators”, receive the signal from the booth and allow the audience requiring interpretation to hear it through headphones. They can work with multiple frequencies, so that different members of the audience can hear different languages (if there are interpreters for multiple languages).
2) Portable simultaneous interpretation equipment for small meetings and field visits (minimum equipment):
This system is used for simultaneous translation of visits, when people need to be able to move around, or for small meetings where the installation or use of full equipment can hinder conversations. With this method, for example, people can speak normally, without having to wear a microphone all the time, but use only transmitter and receivers.
a) Portable transmitter:
This is a small device that interpreters can hang on their belt or put in their pocket. It operates on drums so the interpreters can move. It is ideal for field visits or for groups of tourists. The transmitter is used with a headset microphone.
(b) Simultaneous interpretation receivers:
These devices, sometimes misnamed “translators”, receive the signal from the interpreter and allow the audience requiring interpretation to hear it through headphones.